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Your Avian Flu Food Safety Questions and Concerns ANSWERED!

Updated: Jul 16, 2020

By Ashley Ellixson

Baby chickens eating from feed (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).

Any of you are aware of the avian flu detections that began in December 2014. It is on all radars, not just the poultry industry. Detections have continued through this year and USDA is reporting that thus far, the H5 bird flu virus has been detected in 21 U.S. states. Of the 21 states, 15 have had outbreaks in domestic poultry or captive birds and 6 states have detections in wild birds only. Fortunately, there have been no human detections of the virus at this time.

Earlier this month, USDA’s chief veterinarian Dr. John Clifford spoke to the Senate Ag Committee. Dr. Clifford says the agency is preparing for the likelihood that the avian influenza virus will return this fall and next spring. He called this outbreak, “the largest animal health emergency in our country’s history.” The agency continues to help producers recover and provides resources to states with bird infections to stop the spread of the disease. On-farm biosecurity is one area the agency seeks to strengthen to protect the poultry industry from being further infected. To listen to Dr. Clifford’s full testimony, visit here.

With USDA and industry leaders acting around the clock to ensure the safety of the poultry industry from a possible future outbreak, there are many concerns over food safety as it applies to poultry products. USDA has put out the following question and answers to address these concerns. For more information on the avian flu and receive updates, visit here.

From USDA:

Q. Can I get avian influenza from eating poultry or eggs? A. No. Poultry and eggs that are properly prepared and cooked are safe to eat. Proper food safety practices are important every day. In addition to proper processing, proper handling and cooking of poultry provides protection from viruses and bacteria, including avian influenza. As we remind consumers each and every day, there are four basic food safety steps to follow: CLEAN, SEPARATE, COOK, and CHILL.

Q. How can USDA assure consumers that avian influenza infected meat will not enter the food supply? A. The chance of infected poultry entering the food chain is extremely low. As part of the USDA highly pathogenic avian influenza response plan, infected birds do not enter the food supply. Additionally, USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service inspection program personnel are assigned to every federally inspected meat, poultry, and egg product plant in America. All poultry products for public consumption are inspected for signs of disease both before and after slaughter. The “inspected for wholesomeness by the U.S. Department of Agriculture” seal ensures the poultry is free from visible signs of disease.

Chickens in a coop (Photo by Edwin Remsberg).

Q. Does proper food handling prevent avian influenza? A. Avian influenza is not transmissible by eating properly prepared poultry, so properly prepared and cooked poultry and eggs are safe to eat. The chance of infected poultry or eggs entering the food chain is extremely low because of the rapid onset of symptoms in poultry as well as the safeguards USDA has in place, which include testing of flocks, and Federal inspection programs. USDA works to educate the public about safe food handling practices in response to numerous questions from the public about the human risk associated with avian influenza.

Q. What does proper food handling mean? A. Proper handling and cooking of poultry provides protection against all avian influenza viruses, as it does against other viruses and bacteria, including Salmonella and E.coli. Safe food handling and preparation is important at all times. USDA continually reminds consumers to practice safe food handling and preparation every day.

Cooking poultry, eggs, and other poultry products to the proper temperature and preventing cross-contamination between raw and cooked food is the key to safety. You should:

• Wash hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling raw poultry and eggs; • Prevent cross-contamination by keeping raw poultry and eggs away from other foods; • After cutting raw meat, wash cutting board, knife, and countertops with hot, soapy water;

• Sanitize cutting boards by using a solution of 1 tablespoon chlorine bleach in 1 gallon of water; and

• Use a food thermometer to ensure poultry has reached the safe internal temperature of at least 165 °F to kill foodborne germs that might be present, including the avian influenza viruses.

Q. Where can I get more information about safe food handling? A. Consumers with questions about the safe storage, handling, or preparation of meat, poultry, and egg products, can call the USDA Meat & Poultry Hotline at: 1-888-MPHotline; that’s 1-888-674-6854. The hotline is available in English and Spanish and can be reached from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday. Also, “Ask Karen” is the FSIS virtual representative available 24 hours a day to answer your questions at

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